With every passing day, human beings are vouching for sustainable ways to get a life free of harmful chemicals and other toxic products. Hence, the coco peat or coco coir has gained massive popularity as a perfect growing medium in horticulture. But there are several processes included in the coco coir treatment and without proper processing of the coco coir; it will create an imbalance in the proposition of calcium and magnesium in the soil. Among all the treatment processes, the buffering of coco coir is one of the main treatments done on the coco coir. The buffered coir offers several advantages thus have a high demand in Indian as well as the international market.
Buffering is a time-consuming process and it starts with proper flushing and rinsing of the coir with clean water. This extensive washing with clean water removes the water-soluble particles. Once the process of washing with water is completed then the coir is rinsed well with a solution of calcium nitrate for a long time. This removes the residual Sodium-Potassium complex in the coir along with all the elements that bond easily with the coir cation exchange.